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Oct 16, 2020 10:30 AM - Aug 31, 2021 11:00 AM(Asia/Ho_Chi_Minh)
20201016T1030 20201016T1100 Asia/Ho_Chi_Minh Demotivational Factors Among Beginning EFL Teachers: A case study

High teacher turnover rate is a severe issue in many countries, including Vietnam, and especially among beginning teachers. One of the common reasons for beginning teachers' turnover is demotivation. The present research explores the common and strong demotivational factors among EFL teachers who have less than three years of experience in one university based in Hanoi and explains the reasons behind the factors, as well as how they manage to re-motivate themselves. The study adapts qualitative method, using in-depth interviews with four participants, and bases on some Motivation Theories and the Directed Motivational Currents framework by Dornyei (2016). The findings reveal eight common demotivational factors including workload, stress, salary, students, teaching methodology, facilities, and research quota. Among those, the strongest factors are students, workload, curriculum, stress, methodology and research quota. Regarding the re-motivational solutions, there are two main kinds, namely action solutions and mental solutions. Firstly, in terms of action solution, teachers deal with methodology-related factors by class observations and joining communities, while student-related factors are tackled by student's feedback, student's profiles and teacher's self-adjustment. Regarding stress-related factors, some suggested action solutions that teachers could implement are participating in benevolent activities and having consultancy from colleagues. Secondly, the mental solutions including focusing on the positives, practicing meditation, ranting with a closed one, having a healthier lifestyle and some temporary resolutions, are mostly effective for teachers dealing with stress from work or heavy workload.

Zoom 8 VietTESOL International Convention 2021 convention@viettesol.org

High teacher turnover rate is a severe issue in many countries, including Vietnam, and especially among beginning teachers. One of the common reasons for beginning teachers' turnover is demotivation. The present research explores the common and strong demotivational factors among EFL teachers who have less than three years of experience in one university based in Hanoi and explains the reasons behind the factors, as well as how they manage to re-motivate themselves. The study adapts qualitative method, using in-depth interviews with four participants, and bases on some Motivation Theories and the Directed Motivational Currents framework by Dornyei (2016). The findings reveal eight common demotivational factors including workload, stress, salary, students, teaching methodology, facilities, and research quota. Among those, the strongest factors are students, workload, curriculum, stress, methodology and research quota. Regarding the re-motivational solutions, there are two main kinds, namely action solutions and mental solutions. Firstly, in terms of action solution, teachers deal with methodology-related factors by class observations and joining communities, while student-related factors are tackled by student's feedback, student's profiles and teacher's self-adjustment. Regarding stress-related factors, some suggested action solutions that teachers could implement are participating in benevolent activities and having consultancy from colleagues. Secondly, the mental solutions including focusing on the positives, practicing meditation, ranting with a closed one, having a healthier lifestyle and some temporary resolutions, are mostly effective for teachers dealing with stress from work or heavy workload.

Lecturer
,
University of Languages and International Studies,Vietnam National University
English Teacher
,
Everest Primary and Secondary School
Vice-Dean, ESP Department
,
University of Foreign Language Studies - The University of Danang
Regional English Language Officer
,
U.S. Department of State
Ms. Lien Pham
Head of R&D Department
,
The Olympia Schools
Private Teacher
,
Lancaster Education Center
College teacher
,
Nam Dinh College of Education
Personal Assistant to Deputy Head of School
,
Australian International School Phnom Penh
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